What is Linux Operating System?
Linux Operating System is a free open source operating system (OS) that was developed by Linus Torvalds in the year 1991. An OS (operating system) is software that sits underneath all of the other software on a computer system. It’s main task is getting demands from those software programs and transferring these requests to the system hardware.
To put it simply – the operating system manages the communication between your software and your hardware. Without the existence of operating system all the other software wouldn’t function.
What does Linux comprised of?
Each and every OS is comprised of a number of pieces so do that Linux OS also. A distribution of Linux includes the kernel (the central OS component and the bridge between a software application and its data), system utilities, programs and tools for downloading, installing and uninstalling OS updates and other software applications running on the Linux OS.
The kernel: A kernel is the lowest level of the OS. It is responsible for providing all the required hardware resources to the applications that are running on the operating system.
Similarities and difference between Linux Operating system and others
From multiple points of view, Linux is like other operating systems that you may have utilized previously, for example, Windows, OS X, or iOS. Like other operating systems, Linux has a graphical interface, and kinds of software’s that you are acquainted with utilizing on other operating systems, for example, word handling applications, have Linux equivalents. Much of the time, the product’s maker may have made a Linux version of a similar program you use on different operating systems.
Be that as it may, Linux additionally is not the same as other working frameworks in numerous vital ways. To start with, and maybe above all, Linux is open source programming. The code used to make Linux is free and accessible to general society to see, alter, and—for clients with the proper aptitudes—to add to.
Have you ever used Linux Operating System?
You’re most likely as of now utilizing Linux, regardless of whether you know it or not. Large majority of the website pages on the Web are created by servers running Linux. So directly or indirectly you have used Linux OS.
Who is the owner of Linux?
By ideals of its open source authorizing, Linux is uninhibitedly accessible to anybody. Be that as it may, the trademark on the name “Linux” rests with its maker, Linus Torvalds. The source code for Linux is under copyright by its numerous individual creators, and authorized under the GPLv2 permit.
Since Linux has such an expansive number of patrons from over different many years of improvement, reaching every individual creator and motivating them to consent to another permit is basically inconceivable, with the goal that Linux staying authorized under the GPLv2 in interminability is everything except guaranteed.
From where can I get Linux Operating System?
Linux may be obtained in two different ways:
- All the necessary components can be downloaded free of charge from the Internet, and can be later on combined. But it may not be an easy and efficient way to run a Linux OS. As you may run into problems and might get stuck at a point where you cannot find any further solution.
- An alternative is to use a so-called distribution, which is a Linux variation offered by many companies. They include a broad range of applications and full programs that significantly simplify the installation of Linux.
Now, what is a “Distribution”?
Linux is open source software that has a large number of variants available to suit almost any sort of users. From new users to experienced user, you’ll discover a “flavor” of Linux to coordinate your needs. These adaptations are called Distributions or in short “distros”.
Here is a short list of some most popular and commonly used Linux Distributions used all around the globe:
CentOS – The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem.
Chrome OS – Chrome OS is an operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. As a result, Chrome OS primarily supports web applications.
Fedora – The Fedora Project is a community of people working together to build a free and open source software platform and to collaborate on and share user-focused solutions built on that platform.
Kali Linux – Kali Linux is an open source project that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security, a provider of world-class information security training and penetration testing services.
Mint Linux – Linux Mint is one of the most popular desktop Linux distributions and used by millions of people. The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern OS which is both powerful and easy to use.
Enterprise Linux Distributions
Red Hat Linux – Red Hat® Enterprise Linux® powers the apps that run your business across bare-metal, virtual, containerized, and private and public clouds—all backed by our award-winning support. It’s just one reason why 90% of Fortune Global 500* companies choose Red Hat.
SUSE Linux – SUSE Linux is a computer operating system. It is built on top of the open source Linux kernel and is distributed with system and application software.
There are 100’s of Linux distributions which you can search on the internet in which some are used for general purpose where others are used for some specific purposes. Eg. Ubuntu a famous Linux distribution has its general purpose desktop version as well as version which only specific to be run on servers.